The Cabot City Council on Monday reviewed a proposal to prohibit smoking on city property and parking in designated emergency lanes.

City Attorney James Taylor drafted the legislation following a request made by the council in March. The request came after Rick Prentice requested the council adopt such an ordinance.

Two members of the American Lung Association addressed the council and stated they were willing to be a resource to help with non-smoking issues.

“The City of Cabot currently has a policy on the use of tobacco, however it does not regulate electronic nicotine delivery systems,” reads the ordinance. “It is the desire of this governing body to amend the Cabot Code to include electronic nicotine delivery systems.”

On May 5, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced it was extending its authority to include e-cigarettes and other tobacco products. Starting in August 2016, FDA began to apply and enforce key provisions of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act as it relates to the sales, marketing and manufacturing of e-cigarettes.

The American Lung Association had long called for FDA to bring e-cigarettes and other unregulated tobacco products under its authority. This action was especially important given the rapid rise in youth use of e-cigarettes in the U.S., including a 900 percent increase among high school students from 2011 to 2015.

In December 2016, the U.S. Surgeon General issued a groundbreaking report “E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults” that made a number of important conclusions and findings about the use of e-cigarettes among youth. These included that the flavors in e-cigarettes are one of the main reasons youth use them, e-cigarette aerosol is not safe and that e-cigarette use is strongly associated with the use of other tobacco products among youth and young adults.1

Most importantly, the Surgeon General concluded that e-cigarette use among youth is now a significant public health concern and steps must be taken by parents, educators and especially policymakers to discourage use of e-cigarettes.1

A 2010 ruling from a federal court in a case filed by an e-cigarette manufacturer against the FDA determined that e-cigarettes which do not make therapeutic claims will be regulated as tobacco products.

If a manufacturer does make a therapeutic claim (such as that an e-cigarette can help you quit smoking), then the manufacturer must first prove through a series of clinical trials that their product is safe and effective.

Electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, include e-pens, e-pipes, e-hookah, and e-cigars are known collectively as ENDS – electronic nicotine delivery systems. According to the FDA, e-cigarettes are devices that allow users to inhale an aerosol containing nicotine or other substances.

Unlike traditional cigarettes, e-cigarettes are generally battery-operated and use a heating element to heat e-liquid from a refillable cartridge, releasing a chemical-filled aerosol.